Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 February 2018

  • Performance


Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 5
Target date for completion of mine clearance 4
Targeted clearance 5
Efficient clearance 4
National funding of programme 5
Timely clearance 5
Land release system in place 5
National mine action standards 5
Reporting on progress 5
Improving performance 5
Performance score 4.8

Performance Commentary

Islamic State fighters left huge areas contaminated with mines and other munitions, adding to Iraq’s obligations under the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) but the extent of which has yet to be assessed. Little clearance of legacy minefields occurred in central and southern Iraq as the priority shifted to clearing improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and locally produced mines, the overwhelming majority of which were anti-personnel mines. The mine action response has been hampered by insecurity, lack of capacity, and funding constraints. Crippling bureaucracy in Baghdad along with corruption have compounded the problems, holding up expansion of demining capacity and assets although changes of management in the country’s NGO Directorate at least held out the hope of more streamlined registration of mine action organisations.

Recommendations for Action

  • Iraq should commit formally in its Article 5 extension request to clearing all locally produced anti-personnel mines and, wherever available, provide data on, or at least estimates of, the extent of contamination.
  • Iraq should strengthen the mandate, management, personnel, and resources of its Department of Mine Action (DMA).
  • The DMA should develop multi-year work
    plans for all mine action outside the oil sector detailing priorities and responsibilities for survey and clearance.
  • Federal authorities should undertake a high-level resource mobilisation campaign.
  • Iraq should ensure that clear procedures are established to facilitate smooth and fast registration and accreditation of commercial and humanitarian mine action organisations as well as the importation of equipment.
  • The DMA should strengthen its information management processes in line with international standards.
  • The Government of Iraq should centralise within the DMA reporting on all demining operations to enable a comprehensive national overview of mine action progress.
  • In reporting in connection with the APMBC, Iraq should not report anti-personnel mines as IEDs.
  • Iraq should authorise selected international operators to conduct demolitions of cleared mines and other munitions, wherever it is appropriate to do so.

Download the Full 2017 Report for Iraq

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2017" report for Iraq.