Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Lao PDR is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and massively contaminated with cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 August 2025

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of contamination (20% of overall score) 7
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 6
Gender (10% of overall score) 7
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 6
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 6
Land release system (20% of overall score) 8
Land release outputs and Article 4 compliance (20% of overall score) 8
Performance score 7.1

Key Developments

The national programme in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) continued to make solid progress in the destruction of cluster munition remnants (CMR) in 2019. Lao PDR was granted a five-year extension to its Article 4 deadline at the Ninth Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM). Based on data from national and international operators, land release by clearance in 2019 was a 26% increase on the previous year, at more than 45.6km2, largely thanks to greater capacity resulting from new funding.

Evidence-based survey methodology is now being applied routinely to identify confrmed hazardous areas (CHAs). Efforts were also ongoing to clean up historical errors in data records and strengthen information management systems and processes. However, the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) process for international clearance operators remained excessively time-consuming and burdensome, resulting in avoidable delays to land release operations.

Recommendations for Action

  • Procedures for issuing, amending, or renewing MoUs should be streamlined to avoid inefficiencies and excessive delays.
  • Cooperation and coordination between clearance operators should be further strengthened. In particular, the National Regulatory Authority (NRA) should ensure that UXO Lao data from historic tasks, which is not already on the database, be made readily available to international operators to help inform survey and clearance operations.
  • The NRA should ensure the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) database is comprehensive and up to date, especially given the increased volume of data resulting from the ongoing nationwide cluster munition remnants survey (CMRS).
  • The NRA should prioritise the development of a planning and prioritisation system to support the CMR survey and clearance process.
  • The NRA and clearance operators should strengthen coordination with provincial, district, and village‐level authorities during implementation and planning of CMRS and clearance, incorporating gender considerations.
  • Lao PDR should elaborate annual sector-wide work plans for survey and clearance of CMR, in collaboration with its implementing partners.
  • Lao PDR should establish a country coalition, to bring together all stakeholders on a quarterly basis to discuss progress and challenges in Article 4 implementation.

Download the full 2020 report for Lao PDR

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2020" report for Lao PDR.