Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Performance


Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 6
Target date for completion of mine clearance 6
Targeted clearance 5
Efficient clearance 6
National funding of programme 7
Timely clearance 6
Land release system in place 5
National mine action standards 7
Reporting on progress 7
Improving performance 6
Performance score 6.1

Performance Commentary

The performance of Lebanon’s national mine action programme strengthened during 2017, with greater collaboration and consultation between the national authorities and non-governmental clearance operators regarding the revision of Lebanon’s national mine action standards (NMAS) and the potential for improving operational efficiencies.

These developments were actively supported and overseen by stronger management and national ownership from the new director of the Lebanon Mine Action Centre (LMAC), who took up his post in early 2017. In collaboration with clearance operators, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and other stakeholders, LMAC discussed making improvements to its accepted methodology for survey and clearance of mined areas, in line with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) and other best practice. These included, among others, reduction of the required clearance depth from 20cm to 15cm, and adjustments to the fade-out specifications in pattern minefields. These enhancements were incorporated into the revised NMAS, which was finalised and released in March 2018.

Also in 2017, as part of effort to enhance operational efficiencies, LMAC made greater use of non-technical survey to more accurately define confirmed hazardous area (CHA), and cancel land found not to be contaminated. Lastly, in August 2017, area in Lebanon along its north-east border with Syria, which is believed to contain mines, was liberated from Islamic State by the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF). Non-technical and technical survey is being conducted to determine the size and nature of the contamination in this area, and will be immediately followed by clearance.

Recommendations for Action

  • Lebanon should accede to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) as a matter of priority.
  • LMAC should ensure that all demining organisations update their standing operating procedures (SOPs) to incorporate the enhancements made to the revised NMAS and that these revised survey and clearance methodologies are implemented throughout the mine action programme. Technical working groups under LMAC auspices could provide a useful forum for review of this process.
  • Wherever possible, non-technical survey and technical survey should be used to more accurately define areas of actual mine contamination, factoring in the required fadeout distance. This would also help to more accurately establish a national baseline of mine contamination.
  • LMAC should review empirical data from clearance operations to date on the Blue line, and in consultation with clearance operators and partner organisations, assess whether the required fadeout distance on the Blue Line can be further reduced to enhance efficiency.
  • Where appropriate, LMAC should consider using demining machinery and mine detection dogs (MDDs) as primary as well as secondary clearance assets.
  • LMAC should update its workplan for the remaining period of its National Mine Action Strategy 2011–20, to reflect current capacity and the expected impact of the enhancements to land release methodology in the revised NMAS.
  • The planned integration and consolidation of the LMAC and Regional Mine Action Centre (RMAC) databases and servers should be carried out as soon as possible, with a view to ensuring mine contamination and land release data are being assessed, recorded, analysed, and extracted accurately and in a timely manner.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2018" report for Lebanon

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2018" report for Lebanon.