Vietnam

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

Vietnam’s national programme is in the process of developing its legal framework, structure, policies, and standards. With the adoption of a new national mine action decree in 2019, followed up with a more detailed Guiding Circular in February 2020, the Vietnam National Mine Action Centre (VNMAC) has now been offcially empowered to start coordinating mine action in Vietnam. Progress is being made towards establishing a fully functioning national information management database and quality management (QM) capacity, and there were plans to update national mine action standards in 2020 to bring them more in line with the international mine action standards (IMAS).


However, VNMAC’s primary focus is on cluster munition remnants (CMR) and other explosive remnants of war (ERW), and there is a lack of clarity as to what extent mine clearance will beneft from the mine action structures and systems being established in Vietnam.


Recommendations for Action

  • Vietnam should accede to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) as a matter of priority.
  • Despite not yet being a State Party to the APMBC, Vietnam has obligations under  international human rights law to clear anti-personnel mines in areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible.
  • Vietnam should elaborate up a strategic plan for addressing anti-personnel mine contamination.
  • Vietnam should publish a detailed assessment of remaining mined areas.
  • Vietnam should publish annual reports on its progress in the survey and clearance of mined areas.
  • National Technical Regulations (QCVNs) and National Mine Action Standards (TCVNs) should be updated in line with IMAS, including with regards to addressing anti-personnel mine contamination.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Vietnam

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Vietnam.