Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2023

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 6
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 7
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 8
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 8
Land release system (20% of overall score) 6
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 7
Performance score 6.9

Key Developments

The amount of land released through clearance dropped more than 13% in 2020, the second successive annual drop. Clearance of abandoned anti-personnel mines of an improvised nature (AIM) increased but remained at a low level and was conducted by only one operator in 2020. Training and development of AIM survey and clearance standing operating procedures for other implementing partners (IPs) in 2020 laid the groundwork for accelerated clearance in 2021 despite security sensitivities. The Directorate of Mine Action Coordination (DMAC) drafted a new strategic plan for 2021–2026 and stated that it would request a second extension to its Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) Article 5 deadline of March 2023. Escalating conflict did not prevent IPs from operating in areas of insecurity but slowed access, increased interruptions from kinetic engagements, and exposed operators to increased security threats. An attack by armed actors on HALO Trust in June 2021 killed 11 staff and wounded 15 others. 

Recommendations for Action

  • Afghanistan’s government should increase financial support for humanitarian mine action.

  • DMAC should develop long-term plans identifying the structure and capacity needed to tackle residual risk from conventional (pre-2001) anti-personnel mines. 

  • DMAC should address the concerns of implementing partners over delays in uploading operating results on to the national information management database.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines Report 2021" for Afghanistan

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Afghanistan.