Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

The six-week armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region that broke out in September 2020 ended with Azerbaijan regaining control over seven districts of its internationally recognised territory, in addition to part of Nagorno-Karabakh. The area along the former Line of Contact (LOC) between Armenia and Azerbaijan is heavily mined, leading to a huge area of anti-personnel mine contamination falling under Azerbaijan’s jurisdiction and control. A huge clearance effort is underway involving the Army, the Ministry of Interior (MoI), and the Mine Action Agency of the Republic of Azerbaijan (ANAMA, formerly the Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action).

Recommendations for Action

  • Azerbaijan should accede to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) as a matter of priority.
  • Azerbaijan should clear anti-personnel mines in areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible, consonant with its obligations under international human rights law.
  • Azerbaijan should mobilise funds to enable survey and clearance of all mined areas as quickly as possible.
  • ANAMA should work to establish a robust nationwide baseline of mined area using evidence-based non-technical and technical survey.
  • Azerbaijan should reinforce the necessary national structures to oversee efficient and safe mine action in the mined areas recently returned to its control. This process should be underpinned by the adoption or revision of national mine action legislation that reflects the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).
  • ANAMA should ensure that mined areas are released in accordance with international best practice, by ensuring that clearance is only conducted in areas where there is clear evidence of contamination.
  • ANAMA should ensure that National Mine Action Standards (NMAS) are updated in line with IMAS.
  • ANAMA should draft a new mine action strategy, to replace the one expired in 2018, reflecting the significant increase in explosive ordnance (EO) contamination now under Azerbaijan’s control.
  • ANAMA should complete the transition to Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) Core as soon as possible.
  • Azerbaijan should systematically collect and report publicly on data on contaminated areas as well as progress in survey and clearance.
  • ANAMA should elaborate a gender and diversity policy for mine action and an associated implementation plan.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Azerbaijan

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Azerbaijan.