Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is heavily affected by anti-personnel mines and also has a problem with cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 September 2022

  • Performance

    Average

Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of contamination (20% of overall score) 6
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 6
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 5
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 6
Land release system (20% of overall score) 6
Land release outputs and Article 4 compliance (20% of overall score) 5
Performance score 5.4

Key Developments

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) was not able to complete clearance of cluster munition remnants (CMR) by 1 March 2021, and was granted an 18-month extension to its Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) Article 4 deadline, to 1 September 2022. However, in order to achieve this BiH must release all CMR-contaminated area by the requested deadline, including CMR-contaminated area that also contains contamination from depleted uranium munitions.


Recommendations for Action

  • The amended demining law drafted in 2017, which has still to be adopted, should be revised further and re-submitted to Parliament for adoption. Liability policy and clearly defining “all reasonable effort” in the context of BiH should be discussed in parallel with the revision of the amended draft law.
  • BiH should implement the recommendations of both the 2015 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mine Action Governance and Management Assessment, and the 2016 performance audit report of the Audit Office of the Institutions of BiH,  both of which remain valid. In particular, BiH should continue reforming and strengthening the governance and management of the mine action programme.
  • The Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) should strive to ensure that its Article 4 completion plan targets for the release of all remaining CMR-contaminated area by the September 2022 deadline are reached by all implementing partners, including the BiH Armed Forces, Civil Protection entities, and Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA).
  • BHMAC should secure an appropriate solution and funding for the CMR task containing depleted uranium, and then commence with clearance without delay, so that it does not prevent completion within the extended deadline.
  • BHMAC should also prioritise clearance of the hazardous areas which contain both CMR and anti-personnel mines, in order to release these areas of mixed contaminated by BiH’s 1 September 2022 deadline. Any area contaminated by CMR falls under the obligations of the CCM, irrespective of whether it also contains anti-personnel mines or other explosive ordnance.
  • If BiH begins to fall behind schedule on its CMR clearance completion plan, it should seek to increase clearance capacity immediately, in order to meet its deadline. However, if at any stage and for whatever reason, BiH believes it might not be in a position to complete CMR clearance by 1 September 2022, it should submit an Article 4 extension request for consideration by States Parties well in advance of its deadline.
  • BHMAC should report more accurately and consistently on the extent of CMR contamination and on release of CMR-contaminated areas. This should be done using the classification of suspected hazardous area (SHA) and confirmed hazardous area (CHA), and by disaggregating CMR-contaminated area reduced through technical survey from area released through clearance, consistent with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).
  • BiH should fully embrace the “Country Coalition” approach, in partnership with Germany, which can provide a forum for regular dialogue among all mine action stakeholders to strengthen coordination and identify and overcome challenges.
  • BHMAC should provide information on what steps it plans to further mainstream gender and diversity within its mine action programme and strive to improve gender balance in the sector, at the least by meeting the target of 40% female staff set by the 2003 Law on Gender Equality.
  • BHMAC should provide details of its plans for addressing the discovery of previously unknown cluster munition contamination following completion (i.e. residual contamination).

Download the full 2021 report for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Click here to download the "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2021" report for Bosnia and Herzegovina.