Chad is contaminated by anti-personnel mines and cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 September 2023

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of contamination (20% of overall score) 4
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 3
Gender (10% of overall score) 4
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 5
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 3
Land release system (20% of overall score) 5
Land release outputs and Article 4 compliance (20% of overall score) 5
Performance score 4.3

Key Developments

Chad suspended mine action operations for around five months of 2020 as part of its measures to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. The National High Commission for Demining (HCND) reported that international operator Humanity and Inclusion (HI) was able to conduct technical survey and clearance in the Fada region of Ennedi which it also identified as the last area of known cluster munition remnants (CMR) contamination. After three decades in power, President Idris Déby died in April 2021, ushering in a chapter of political transition and uncertainty.

Recommendation for Action

  • Chad should provide a comprehensive report detailing all areas that have been surveyed for CMR; all areas that have been cleared; and areas where CMR are suspected to be present that have not been subjected to survey or clearance.
  • Chad should draw up a work plan providing for CMR survey and clearance, particularly in the Borkou, Ennedi, and Tibesti regions.
  • Chad should introduce national standards specific to CMR survey and clearance.
  • Chad’s Ministry of Economy and Planning should develop a resource mobilisation strategy for the mine action sector.
  • International donors willing to support Chad’s mine action should ensure that funding is linked to a concrete and measurable work plan.
  • Chad’s national mine action authority should disaggregate CMR from other explosive ordnance in reporting results of survey and clearance.
  • Chad should ensure that it establishes a sustainable national capacity to address any residual CMR contamination discovered following fulfilment of Article 4.
  • Chad should establish a country coalition, to bring together key stakeholders on a quarterly or biannual basis to discuss progress and challenges, and agree on an Article 4 completion plan.

Download the full 2021 report for Chad

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2021" report for Chad.