The Lebanon Mine Action Centre (LMAC) and its national and international partners continued to make progress in mine clearance in 2020, although annual clearance output was down on the previous year, in part because of the challenges posed by COVID-19. In a positive development, on 30 January 2020, the United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon (UNIFIL) and LMAC signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on demining, with UNIFIL commencing clearance for humanitarian purposes for the first time from June 2020, in addition to its ongoing standard demarcation operations on the Blue Line. Lebanon seemingly moved closer to accession to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) in 2020. In another positive development, LMAC commissioned an external study on operational efficiency in 2020, and plans to review and adopt the recommendations from the study, especially those calling for increased emphasis on evidence-based technical survey prior to clearance.
- Lebanon should accede to the APMBC as a matter of priority.
- Lebanon should clear anti-personnel mines in areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible, consonant with its obligations under international human rights law.
- Wherever possible, evidence-based non-technical survey and technical survey should be used to define areas of mine contamination more accurately prior to initiating clearance. This is particularly important in non-pattern minefields, such as the militia/scattered minefields in Mount Lebanon and for contamination from anti-personnel mines of an improvised nature in the north-east of the country.
- Where appropriate, LMAC should consider using demining machinery and mine detection dogs (MDDs) as primary as well as secondary clearance assets.
Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Lebanon.