Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    31 October 2023

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 8
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 8
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 8
Land release system (20% of overall score) 8
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 8
Performance score 7.7

Key Developments

Thailand made good progress in 2020 to re-survey mined areas and more accurately establish its baseline of anti-personnel mine contamination, as part of the first phase (2019–20) of its Five-Year Plan. The Thailand Mine Action Centre (TMAC) exceeded its land release target for 2020 by nearly 9km2, mostly as a result of cancellation through non-technical survey. During 2020, the provinces of Chanthaburi and Chumphon were fully cleared of mines. The effort was underpinned by an online information management system that became operational during the year and by effective coordination between TMAC and its implementing partners.

A pilot clearance project between TMAC and Cambodia Mine Action Centre (CMAC) was conducted in March to April 2020, which, it was hoped, could be used as a model for future demining cooperation between Thailand and Cambodia. However, the COVID-19 pandemic imposed travel and physical contact restrictions, and further steps regarding the areas to be demarcated were postponed until the COVID-19 situation is under control. Therefore, aside from the pilot project, all other mined areas in areas with unclear border demarcation along the Thailand-Cambodia border, remained inaccessible in 2020 and could not be re-surveyed.

Recommendations for Action

  • Thailand and Cambodia should seek to expand the pilot border clearance project, as soon as the COVID-19 situation permits, and should conclude a bilateral cooperation mechanism that would enable both States to survey and clear all mined areas along the shared border.
  • TMAC should finalise and publish its revised national mine action standards as soon as possible, including new standards and standing operating procedures (SOPs) for the use of mine detection dogs (MDDs)/animal detection systems (ADS) and for the use of mechanical assets. This will help ensure effective and efficient technical survey and clearance methodology is employed during the second Phase of its Five-Year Plan.
  • Thailand should elaborate a gender policy and supporting implementation plan for mine action.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Thailand

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Thailand.