Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    31 October 2023

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 8
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 8
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 8
Land release system (20% of overall score) 8
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 8
Performance score 7.7

Key Developments

Thailand acknowledged it would not be able to complete mine clearance within its Article 5 deadline and in March 2022 submitted a third extension request that would push its deadline back from the end of October 2023 to the end of December 2026. Land release results fell sharply as mine action operators switched their focus from non-technical to technical survey and clearance tackling densely contaminated areas in difficult terrain but it also more than doubled the number of mines cleared. COVID-19 pandemic pressures on the national budget and lower donor support led to a cut in the Thailand Mine Action Centre (TMAC) budget and the number of personnel deployed in the field in 2022. TMAC proposed to the Cambodian Mine Action Centre that they should follow up the 2020 pilot project for survey and clearance in disputed areas of their common border, and after receiving a favourable response suggested a number of areas for the operation.

Recommendations for Action

  • Thailand should engage vigorously with Cambodia to reach agreement on resuming survey and clearance of hazardous areas in un-demarcated areas of their common border and creating a mechanism for sustained release of land to productive use.
  • Thailand should conclude its review of revised national mine action standards and expedite their implementation by demining operators.
  • Thailand should develop a policy on gender and a plan to implement it.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2022" report for Thailand

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2022" report for Thailand.