Vietnam is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and heavily contaminated with cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

With the adoption of a new national mine action decree in 2019, followed by a more detailed Guiding Circular in February 2020, the Vietnam National Mine Action Centre (VNMAC) has now been officially empowered to start coordinating humanitarian mine action in Vietnam. This provided a legal basis for VNMAC to make significant progress in 2020 in ongoing efforts to review and update the national mine action standards to bring them more in line with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS), establish a fully functioning national information management database, and build a national quality management (QM) capacity.

Recommendations for Action

  • Vietnam should accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) as a matter of priority.
  • Despite not yet being a State Party to the CCM, Vietnam has obligations under international human rights law to clear cluster munition remnants (CMR) in areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible.
  • In collaboration with implementing partners, VNMAC should define a strategy for enhancing understanding of the extent of CMR contamination, with a view to establishing a nationwide baseline of CMR contamination. As part of these efforts, VNMAC should seek to expand non-technical and technical survey.
  • VNMAC should specify criteria for the prioritisation of CMR survey and clearance tasks.
  • VNMAC should elaborate annual work plans for CMR, with clear targets for survey and clearance.
  • The National Technical Regulations (QCVNs), revised in 2020 in line with IMAS, should be approved and published as soon as possible.
  • The revision of National Mine Action Standards (TCVNs), in line with IMAS, should be completed as soon as possible.
  • VNMAC should continue progress to develop a fully functional national information management database and make Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) data available to all clearance operators and relevant stakeholders.
  • VNMAC should publish comprehensive annual reports on the results of survey and clearance by all operators.
  • VNMAC should more actively engage in regional sector discussions aimed at accelerating the progress of CMR survey, particularly on survey efficiencies and effectiveness.

Download the full 2021 report for Vietnam

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2021" report for Vietnam.