Yemen

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2023

  • Performance

    Poor

Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 3
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 4
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 4
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 5
Land release system (20% of overall score) 4
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 6
Performance score 4.4

Key Developments

Yemen’s Mine Action Coordination Centre (YMACC), established by the Yemen Executive Mine Action Centre (YEMAC), started operating in April 2020 with a mandate to organise and coordinate the work of YEMAC’s operational capacity and international operators. YMACC issued the first task orders to international demining NGOs for non-technical survey and explosive ordnance disposal (EOD). YEMAC, which oversees YMACC, installed and started populating an IMSMA [Information Management System for Mine Action] Core database but plans for non-technical survey as part of a baseline survey were obstructed by insecurity, lack of training, and the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in the closure of Aden airport and the suspension of some operations. The Development Initiative (TDI) deployed to Yemen in November 2020 under contract to UNDP to start training YEMAC teams.


Recommendations for Action

  • Yemen should develop a mine action strategy providing a framework and clear targets for tackling survey and clearance of mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW).
  • YEMAC should conduct systematic non-technical survey in accessible districts to start the process of establishing a baseline estimate of contamination.
  • YEMAC should live up to its responsibilities as a national authority and require Project Masam to provide regular, detailed reporting of its operations and submit to independent quality control, including investigation of demining accidents.
  • YEMAC should provide operating results disaggregating data for anti-personnel mines, improvised mines, and improvised explosive devices, and should ensure reporting forms enable collection of these data.
  • Yemen should remove the bureaucratic obstacles to importing equipment that have hampered implementation of YEMAC plans for non-technical survey and clearance.
  • YEMAC and YMACC should increase transparency by publishing regular, comprehensive reports on developments in the management, planning, and implementation of mine action.
  • Yemen should clarify and consolidate the roles and authority of YEMAC and YMACC.

Download the ful "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Yemen

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Yemen.