Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is heavily affected by anti-personnel mines and also has a problem with cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 March 2021

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of contamination (20% of overall score) 5
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 7
Gender (10% of overall score) 6
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 6
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 6
Land release system (20% of overall score) 6
Land release outputs and Article 4 compliance (20% of overall score) 5
Performance score 5.7

Key Developments

In 2018, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) finalised a new national mine action strategy for 2018–25, which was subsequently adopted in January 2019. While the new strategy addresses all contamination, including cluster munition remnants (CMR), BiH has still to elaborate a plan and associated timeframe for completion of CMR clearance. Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA), however, reported having a strategy in place to release CMR-contaminated areas together with the BiH Armed Forces and the entity Civil Protections. But CMR clearance output in 2018 was small, as in previous years, putting into serious doubt whether BiH will meet its March 2021 Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) Article 4 clearance deadline.

Recommendations for Action

  • BiH should accelerate clearance of CMR immediately to fulfil its CCM Article 4 obligations in advance of its treaty deadline.

  • BiH should adopt, without further delay, the amended demining law drafted in 2017.

  • In both its CCM reporting and strategic planning, the Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) should clearly separate out contamination resulting from the use of individual submunitions fired from modified rifles from that resulting from the ordinary use of cluster munitions. The former do not fall within the definition of a cluster munition covered by the CCM, and, as such, are not governed by the treaty clearance obligations.

  • BHMAC should report more accurately and consistently on the extent of CMR contamination, including using the classification of suspected hazardous area (SHA) and confirmed hazardous area (CHA) in a manner consistent with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).

  • BiH should implement the recommendations of both the 2015 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mine Action Governance and Management Assessment, and the 2016 performance audit report of the Audit Office of the Institutions of BiH.1 In particular, BiH should continue reforming and strengthening the governance and management of the mine action programme.

  • BHMAC should ensure that sufficient clearance capacity is deployed, taking into consideration all organisations accredited to conduct CMR clearance, to enable BiH to complete clearance by its deadline of March 2021.

  • BHMAC should strive to improve better gender balance in the sector, at the least by meeting the target of 40% female staff set by the 2003 Law on Gender Equality.


Download the full 2019 report for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Click here to download the "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2019" report for Bosnia and Herzegovina.