Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is heavily affected by anti-personnel mines and also has a problem with cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 March 2021

  • Performance


Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 8
Target date for completion of clearance 3
Targeted clearance 6
Efficient clearance 6
National funding of programme 7
Timely clearance 4
Land release system in place 5
National mine action standards 6
Reporting on progress 5
Improving performance 5
Performance score 5.5

Performance Commentary

In 2017, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) finished developing a new National Mine Action Strategy for 2018–25, with support from the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian demining (GICHD). While the new strategy addresses all contamination, including cluster munition remnants (CMR), BiH has still to elaborate a plan and associated timeframe for completion of CMR clearance. Furthermore, as at June 2018, the new strategy had not yet been formally approved by parliament and nor had the amended demining law, also completed in 2017.

While CMR clearance output in 2017 was higher than the previous year, it was still small, and puts into doubt whether BiH will meet its Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) Article 4 deadline for clearance.

Recommendations for Action

  • BiH should accelerate clearance of CMR to fulfil its CCM Article 4 obligations in advance of its treaty deadline.
  • BiH should formally adopt the amended demining law which was drafted in 2017.
  • BiH should ensure approval of its National Mine Action Strategy for 2018–25 and develop a resourced, time-bound action plan to release areas confirmed or suspected to contain CMR.
  • In both its CCM reporting and its strategic planning, the Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) should clearly separate out contamination resulting from the use of individual submunitions fired from modified rifles from contamination resulting from the ordinary use of cluster munitions. The former do not fall within the definition of a cluster munition covered by the CCM, and, as such, are not governed by the treaty clearance obligations.
  • The BiH Armed Forces and the Federal Administration of Civil Protection should be provided with the necessary demining equipment, in a timely manner, to ensure that their respective demining capacities can be fully and efficiently deployed.
  • BiH should implement the recommendations of both the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mine Action Governance and Management Assessment of 2015, and the 2016 performance audit report of the Audit Office of the Institutions of BiH. In particular, BiH should continue reforming and strengthening the governance and management of the mine action programme.
  • BHMAC should report more accurately and consistently on land release data in a manner consistent with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS). In particular, it should disaggregate by product (cancelled, reduced, and cleared); by activity (non-technical survey, technical survey, and clearance); and by classification of area (suspected hazardous area (SHA) and confirmed hazardous area (CHA)).

Download the full 2018 report for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Click here to download the "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2018" report for Bosnia and Herzegovina.