Armenia is contaminated with anti-personnel mines, anti-vehicle mines, cluster munition remnants, and other UXO.

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

A six-week armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region broke out in September 2020 and ended with Azerbaijan regaining control over most of its internationally recognised territories except for a part of Nagorno-Karabakh. In the course of the fighting, both Armenia and Azerbaijan are reported to have targeted cluster munitions against each other’s territory, as well as in Nagorno-Karabakh. Armenia’s Humanitarian Centre for Demining and Expertise (CHDE) reported new cluster munition-contaminated area within Armenia’s jurisdiction and control as a result of the recent hostilities, the extent of which has not yet been determined.

Recommendations for Action

  • Armenia should commit to never again use cluster munitions.
  • Armenia should accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) as a matter of priority.
  • Armenia should comply with its obligations under international human rights law to clear cluster munition remnants (CMR) on territory under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible.
  • Armenia should expedite the adoption of national mine action legislation.
  • Armenia should elaborate a strategic plan for mine action, including for CMR survey and clearance.

Download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2021" report for Armenia

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