Armenia is contaminated with anti-personnel mines, anti-vehicle mines, cluster munition remnants, and other UXO.

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

In 2022, there were periodic violations of the 10 November 2020 ceasefire that ended the six-week conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh. The most significant of these involved hostilities on 13–14 September 2022 after Azerbaijan accused Armenia of “‘large-scale provocations”, including laying mines in its territory,“Explainer: What happened in Armenia and Azerbaijan on 13-14 September”, Open Caucasus Media (OC Media), 15 September 2022 at: allegations that Armenia denied. There were no reports of either Armenia or Azerbaijan using cluster munitions in 2022. Comprehensive cluster munition remnants (CMR) contamination and land release data were not disclosed by Armenia for 2022.

Recommendations for Action

  • Armenia should commit to never again use cluster munitions and should accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) as a matter of priority. In the meantime, Armenia should comply with its obligations under international human rights law to clear CMR on territory under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible.
  • Armenia should expedite the adoption of national mine action legislation.
  • Armenia should finalise the strategic plan for mine action, including for CMR survey and clearance.

Download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2023" report for Armenia

Click here to download "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2023" report for Armenia