Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    31 December 2025

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 7
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 8
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 7
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 7
Land release system (20% of overall score) 7
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 8
Performance score 7.4

Key Developments

Prime Minister Hun Sen reasserted Cambodia’s determination to complete clearance of anti-personnel (AP) mines by the end of 2025, launching an appeal for private donations which raised $18.6 million and announcing the government would provide $30 million for mine action. Operators released 191km2 through survey and clearance, double the 2021 achievement. The government deployed deminers from the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) and the National Centre for Peacekeeping Forces (NPMEC) to accelerate clearance. Cambodia declared five provinces and Phnom Penh municipality mine free in 2022 as part of a strategy expected to complete clearance in another 13 provinces in 2023, leaving mine action operators to focus on seven provinces along the border with Thailand. Prime Minister Hun Sen said he had reached agreement with his opposite number in Thailand to allow clearance along the border without waiting for resolution of border demarcation disputes although no further agreements were concluded in the first half of 2023.

Recommendations for Action

  • Cambodia should lay out a clear and transparent policy and programme of work for mine clearance on the border with Thailand.
  • Cambodia should implement Prime Minister Hun Sen’s statement that border clearance need not wait for agreement on border demarcation and seek agreement with Thailand on specific areas for clearance.
  • The government should clarify the funding it will allocate for mine action from the national budget in 2024 and 2025.
  • The CMAA should expand its quality assurance (QA) capacity to cope with the increased number of demining teams and ensure effective monitoring of RCAF and NPMEC as well as demining non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
  • Cambodia should continue to improve information management capacity to cope with the increased volume of reporting generated by accelerating land release and eliminate persistent significant discrepancies between official and operator data.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2023" report for Cambodia

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2023" report for Cambodia.