Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    31 December 2025

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 7
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 8
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 7
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 7
Land release system (20% of overall score) 7
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 6
Performance score 7.0

Key Developments

In November 2019, at the Fourth Review Conference of the States Parties, Cambodia was granted a second request to extend its Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) clearance deadline, with a new end date set of 31 December 2025. While progress is being made in planning, prioritisation, and land release, the target of completing anti-personnel mine clearance by 2025 is highly ambitious and could only be achieved with significantly increased funding and capacity.

Cambodia continued to make good progress during 2019 in its ongoing baseline re-survey to more accurately determine the extent of remaining contamination and expected to complete the survey in the course 2020. However, while release through survey in 2019 remained broadly the same as in 2018, clearance output fell significantly compared to previous year. Although not entirely clear, multiple factors are thought to account for the decrease in clearance, including tasking of a larger proportion of difficult-to-access mined areas with more challenging terrain, compared to previous years; clearance of more mixed contamination; and decreased funding to some operators.

Recommendations for Action

  • The Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA) should increase the number of quality assurance (QA) teams and train them to monitor survey activities of operators across the sector, including ensuring that all survey is evidence-based; that cancellation and/or reclassification of mined area is applied wherever appropriate; and that new, previously unrecorded mined areas are verified before entry onto the national database.
  • The CMAA should establish a clear timeframe and resource mobilisation strategy for equipping, training, and deployment of the proposed 2,000 additional deminers from the Cambodian Armed Forces. The CMAA could also consider upscaling the number of deminers through other national entities, such as Cambodian Mine Action Centre (CMAC).
  • Cambodia should ensure that the pilot border clearance project with Thailand runs to schedule and should seek to conclude a bilateral cooperation mechanism that would enable both countries to survey and clear all mined areas along the shared border.
  • Cambodia should continue to improve its information management systems by eliminating discrepancies with operator data and ensuring synchronisation of reporting.
  • Cambodia should provide regular progress updates on the implementation of its Gender Mainstreaming in Mine Action Plan for 2018–22.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Cambodia

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Cambodia.