Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    31 December 2025

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 4
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 6
Gender (10% of overall score) 7
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 5
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 5
Land release system (20% of overall score) 6
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 5
Performance score 5.3

Key Developments

In 2020, Colombia requested and was granted a second extension to its Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) Article 5 deadline through to the end of 2025. While overall land release output fell in 2020, on a positive note clearance output increased despite the restrictions imposed as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Improvements were also made to the mine action programme throughout the year with the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace (OACP) allocating all safely accessible tasks to operators and completing a review of national mine action standards (NMAS). However, numerous challenges to efficient and effective land release persist, and it remains to be seen how the mine action programme will adapt.

Recommendations for Action

  • Colombia should further endeavour to conduct a baseline survey to elaborate a more meaningful and evidence-based understanding of contamination while continuing to clean the data on “events” in the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) database.
  • Colombia should establish a National Mine Action Platform (NMAP) for regular dialogue among all stakeholders, including donors, as recommended by the APMBC´s Committee on the Enhancement of Cooperation and Assistance, to collectively discuss progress, challenges, and support for Article 5 implementation in Colombia.
  • Colombia should implement the new technical norms and operators should be supported by the national mine action authority and the Organization of American States (OAS) to use the full toolbox of land release methodologies.
  • Colombia should task all operators in a manner that ensures the best use of resources by geographically clustering task assignments and should prioritise the highest impact areas in response to humanitarian, community, and development needs.
  • Quality management of operations should be streamlined and targeted towards making operations more efficient rather than imposing unnecessary delays on operators. The national authority should ensure that the OAS has personnel with the required capability to perform appropriate technical monitoring of clearance activities.
  • Colombia should provide an updated work plan through to 2025, in light of the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and including realistic targets for land release with current demining capacity.
  • Colombia should proceed with the study on the effect of ageing on improvised anti-personnel mines in the country given the large proportion of non-functional mines found. Colombia should conduct a risk analysis of anti-personnel mine functionality and define a level of acceptability for residual risk that is based on the high proportion of non-functioning mines found.
  • Colombia should provide more detailed information on how it will mainstream gender and diversity considerations in its mine action programme, including with targets and timeframes.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Colombia

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Colombia.