Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2021

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 4
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 6
Gender (10% of overall score) 6
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 4
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 4
Land release system (20% of overall score) 5
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 4
Performance score 4.6

Key Developments

Colombia is not on track to meet its current Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) Article 5 deadline of March 2021 and has requested a second extension to 2025. In response to comments by the Article 5 Committee, Colombia submitted additional information on its extension request in August 2020, but this added little new detail to what was already known. While some improvements have been made to the mine action programme, such as the shift towards a more evidence-based estimate of contamination, numerous challenges impede the effectiveness and effciency of land release. Continued insecurity affects access to contaminated areas but the approach to land release is neither cost effective nor effcient.

Recommendations for Action

  • Colombia should further endeavour to conduct a baseline survey to elaborate a more meaningful and evidence-based understanding of contamination.
  • Colombia should prioritise non-technical survey with integrated explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) capacity in accessible areas and continue to review and clean the data on “events” in the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) database.
  • Colombia should complete the review of national mine action standard (NMAS), fnalise and apply its land release NMAS, and correctly implement its technical survey standards. Operators should be supported to use the full toolbox of land release methodologies.
  • Colombia should engage more positively and collaboratively with civilian operators and task them in a manner that ensures the best use of resources and prioritises the highest impact areas in response to humanitarian, community, and development needs.
  • Quality management of operations should be streamlined and applied equally to all operators, including the military.
  • Colombia should provide an updated work plan through to 2025, taking into account the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and including realistic targets for land release.
  • Colombia should provide more detailed information on how it will mainstream gender and diversity considerations in its mine action programme, including with targets and timeframes.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Colombia

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Colombia.