Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2026

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 6
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 4
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 8
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 7
Land release system (20% of overall score) 5
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 8
Performance score 6.5

Key Developments

In 2020, Croatia cleared almost 50km2 of mined area, an increase of more than 25% on the output in 2019, despite operations being halted for nearly two months between March and May due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The amount of mined area released through non-technical and technical survey in 2020 also represented increases on the previous year.

However, the total of 61km2 of mined area released through survey and clearance in 2020 was still below the 70km2 land release target in Croatia’s revised work plan. In particular, non-technical survey output continued to fall short of annual targets. In addition, 0.42km2 of annual mine clearance of military areas by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) in 2020 was well short of the 5km2 annual MoD land release target, although it was not reported whether or not the MoD also released any mined area through survey.

Recommendations for Action

  • Civil Protection Directorate – CROMAC should increase its survey capacity in order to meet the targets outlined in its 2018 Article 5 deadline extension request.
  • In addition to survey of suspected hazardous areas (SHAs), Civil Protection Directorate – CROMAC should also review the basis on which confirmed hazardous areas (CHAs) are established. In particular, it should conduct survey to confirm evidence of mine contamination before embarking on full clearance.
  • The MoD should ensure sufficient capacity is in place and should significantly increase clearance to release mined areas on military land, in line with Croatia’s revised work plan 2020–26. The MoD should also report whether it has released any mined area through survey.
  • Civil Protection Directorate – CROMAC should fulfil the pledge in Croatia’s 2018 extension request to explore the potential for mine detection dogs (MDDs) to enhance the efficiency of technical survey. The 2015 demining law, which only allows MDDs to be used in clearance, should be amended if necessary.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Croatia

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Croatia.