Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2019

  • Performance

    Average

Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 6
Target date for completion of mine clearance 5
Targeted clearance 7
Efficient clearance 6
National funding of programme 7
Timely clearance 3
Land release system in place 7
National mine action standards 7
Reporting on progress 5
Improving performance 6
Performance score 5.9

Performance Commentary

While clearance output dropped slightly in 2016 compared to the previous year, the amount of land reduced by technical survey rose, and the amount cancelled by non-technical survey increased significantly. However, the annual cancellation output reported for 2016, was in part inflated due to the Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) delaying the reporting of data for the European Union (EU) land release pilot project until completion of the project rather than as the work progressed. Notwithstanding this, the results do still reveal use of a more efficient evidence-based land release methodology, which has been piloted over the last few years, and reflected in the three new national standards adopted in 2016 on non-technical survey, technical survey (including targeted investigation and systematic technical survey), and land release.

Compared to previous years, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) improved its annual reporting on survey and clearance in 2016, and reported more accurately on land release data disaggregated by output (cancellation, reduction, and clearance) and activity (non-technical survey, technical survey, and clearance). However, reports of confirmed hazardous area (CHA) were inconsistent between different forums.


Recommendations for Action

  • BiH should ensure completion and approval of its National Mine Action Strategy for 2018–25 and a completion plan for mine survey and clearance based on the latest available information, and taking into account implementation of the new land release methodology being rolled out. Periodic revisions should be factored into the strategy. BHMAC and the national authorities should also ensure the timely preparation and submission by the end of March 2018 of BiH’s Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) Article 5 extension request.
  • BiH should implement the recommendations of both the 2015 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mine Action Governance and Management Assessment, and the 2016 performance audit report of the Audit Office of the Institutions of BiH.1 In particular, BiH should continue reforming and strengthening the governance and management of the mine action programme.
  • BHMAC should report more accurately and consistently on the extent of anti-personnel mine contamination, including using the classification of suspected hazardous area (SHA) and CHA in a manner consistent with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS). It should also ensure that all land released through survey and clearance is entered and reflected in its database in a timely manner.
  • BHMAC should operationalise throughout its mine action programme new evidence-based methods of land release, including the use of technical survey with targeted investigation, to more accurately identify and delineate areas of confirmed contamination, and cancel or reduce areas where evidence of mines is lacking.
  • BHMAC should ensure the completion of the appropriate standing operating procedure (SOP) on land release and the full implementation of the National Mine Action Standard (NMAS) on land release.
  • BHMAC should ensure that operators update their SOPs to reflect new methodologies for land release, including, where appropriate, for technical survey with targeted investigation.
  • BHMAC should ensure that operators report consistently on outputs using the new land release methodologies.
  • The BiH Armed Forces, the Federal Administration of Civil Protection, and the Civil Protection Administration of Republika Srpska should be provided with the necessary demining equipment, in a timely manner, to facilitate the full and efficient deployment of their respective demining capacities.

Download the full 2017 report for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2017" report for Bosnia and Herzegovina.