Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2019

  • Performance

    Average

Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 6
Target date for completion of mine clearance 4
Targeted clearance 7
Efficient clearance 6
National funding of programme 7
Timely clearance 3
Land release system in place 7
National mine action standards 7
Reporting on progress 4
Improving performance 6
Performance score 5.7

Performance Commentary

Clearance output dropped by almost half in 2017 compared to the previous year, and there was also a notable decrease in the amount of land reduced by technical survey. The amount of land cancelled by non-technical survey in 2017 cannot be compared to that of 2016, as 2016 data included the results of the full three and-a-half-year European Union (EU) pilot project, rather than the annual cancellation output for 2016. Information management in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) continued to be a problem, including use of terminology not consistent with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) and reporting inconsistent survey and clearance data between different reporting forums for the same period.

Despite the decrease in land release output, the Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) continued to implement the adoption and roll-out of more land release methodology, primarily through using the results of non-technical survey to more effectively target and task technical survey (both “systematic technical survey” and “technical survey with targeted investigation”), and thereby ensure that full clearance is only undertaken where the presence of mines is confirmed. As part of this process, the three revised national standards on nontechnical survey, technical survey (including targeted investigation and systematic technical survey), and land release were adopted in January 2017.

In 2017, BHMAC developed a new National Mine Action Strategy for 2018–25, with support from the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) and BHMAC also completed amendments to BiH’s demining law. However, as at August 2018, neither the new strategy nor the amended demining law had been formally approved by parliament, calling into question BiH’s political commitment to mine action.


Recommendations for Action

  • BiH should formally adopt the amended demining law which was drafted in 2017, without further delay.
  • The Council of Ministers should approve the National Mine Action Strategy for 2018–2025, without further delay.
  • BiH should implement the recommendations of both the 2015 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mine Action Governance and Management Assessment, and the 2016 performance audit report of the Audit Office of the Institutions of BiH. In particular, BiH should continue reforming and strengthening the governance and management of the mine action programme.
  • BHMAC should report more accurately and consistently on the extent of anti-personnel mine contamination, including using the classification of suspected hazardous area (SHA) and confirmed hazardous area (CHA) in a manner consistent with the IMAS.
  • BHMAC should continue to fully operationalise evidence-based methods of land release throughout its mine action programme, including technical survey with targeted investigation, to more accurately identify and delineate areas of confirmed contamination, and cancel or reduce areas where evidence of mines is lacking.
  • The BiH Armed Forces, the Federal Administration of Civil Protection, and the Civil Protection Administration of Republika Srpska should be provided with the necessary demining equipment, in a timely manner, to facilitate the full and efficient deployment of their respective demining capacities.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2018" report for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2017" report for Bosnia and Herzegovina.