Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2021

  • Performance

    Average

Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 5
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 5
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 6
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 7
Land release system (20% of overall score) 8
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 5
Performance score 5.9

Key Developments

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)’s new national mine action strategy for 2018–25 was adopted by the Council of Ministers in January 2019.


The European Union (EU)-funded country assessment project, which took place from July 2018 to May 2020, consisted of non-technical survey of all remaining areas suspected to be mined. The aim of the project was to improve BiH’s baseline of anti-personnel mine contamination and to group together suspected hazardous areas (SHAs) and confrmed hazardous areas (CHAs) into logical units/polygons based on economic, cultural, geographical, or other reasons, encompassing one or more impacted communities, in what the Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) terms “Mine Suspected Areas” (MSAs). The MSAs will then be assigned as single organisational tasks to clearance operators for land release. BHMAC has used the results of the country assessment to inform mid-term planning and elaboration of its 2020 request to extend its Article 5 deadline by six years to 1 March 2027.


Recommendations for Action

  • BiH should adopt, without further delay, the amended demining law drafted in 2017.
  • BiH should implement the recommendations of both the 2015 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Mine Action Governance and Management Assessment, and the 2016 performance audit report of the Audit Offce of the Institutions of BiH,UNDP, Draft Mine Action Governance and Management Assessment for BiH, 13 May 2015; and Audit Offce of the Institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, “Performance Audit Report. Effciency of the Demining System in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, No. 01-02-03-10-16-1-1101/16, 4 November 2016, p. 22. which remain valid. In particular, BiH should continue reforming and strengthening the governance and management of the mine action programme.
  • BHMAC should fully adopt international best practice in land release and ensure that all implementing partners, in all parts of BiH, are conducting evidence-based survey to more accurately identify and delineate areas of actual contamination prior to clearance, releasing areas found not to be contaminated.
  • As part of efforts to enhance effciency and effectiveness of land release operations, BHMAC should review relevant national mine action standards, in collaboration between demining organisations and other implementing partners. To facilitate this process, BHMAC should consider re-establishing technical working groups (TWGs).
  • BHMAC should develop a detailed, costed, and multi-year Article 5 work plan, informed by the results of the country assessment project, and update its national mine action strategy for 2018–25 accordingly.
  • BIH should fully embrace the “Country Coalition” approach, in partnership with Germany, which can provide a forum for regular dialogue among all mine action stakeholders to strengthen coordination and identify and overcome challenges.
  • BHMAC should report more accurately and consistently on the extent of anti-personnel mine contamination, including using the classifcation of SHA and CHA in a manner consistent with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).
  • BHMAC should strive to improve gender balance in the sector, at the least by meeting the target of 40% female staff set by the 2003 Law on Gender Equality.
     

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