Democratic Republic of the Congo

The DRC is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Performance


Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 9
Target date for completion of clearance 6
Targeted clearance 8
Efficient clearance 7
National funding of programme 2
Timely clearance 5
Land release system in place 7
National mine action standards 5
Reporting on progress 1
Improving performance 6
Performance score 5.6

Performance Commentary

The last known recorded area containing cluster munition remnants (CMR) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo), covering 3,900m2, was cleared in May 2017. Subsequently, however, four submunitions, believed by the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) to be part of a wider cluster munition strike, were identified in South Kivu province. UNMAS stated that the area would be reported to the national mine action authority, the Congolese Mine Action Centre (Centre Congolais de Lutte Antimines, CCLAM), as a confirmed hazardous area (CHA) containing CMR.

Throughout 2017, the DR Congo’s national mine action programme continued to be hampered by a lack of coordination between stakeholders and critical information management issues. Its ability to produce a clear and accurate estimate of remaining mine and explosive remnants of war (ERW) contamination from the national database remained questionable.

Recommendations for Action

  • The DR Congo should survey and clear the remaining cluster munition contaminated area and then assess whether it has eliminated the threat from CMR on its territory.
  • The DR Congo should ratify the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) as a matter of priority.
    Significant efforts should be made to ensure the national mine action database is accurate, up to date, and effectively managed and resourced by the national authorities. Updated information should be regularly shared with all mine action stakeholders.
  • Mine action data should be recorded and reported according to International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) land release terminology.
  • Resources should be provided by the Government of the DR Congo and international donors to support the CCLAM to enable it to carry out essential functions autonomously, without relying on financial support from mine action operators.
  • Regular coordination meetings should be held with the national authorities, the United Nations, and mine action operators to share information and improve implementation of mine action.
  • Donors and international stakeholders should seek to complete mine and ERW clearance in the face of the humanitarian crises in the DR Congo.

Download the full 2018 report for Democratic Republic of Congo

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2018" report for Democratic Republic of Congo.