Vietnam is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and heavily contaminated with cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

Vietnam is currently in an important period for increased attention towards mine action, as the national programme develops its legal framework, structure, policies, and standards. With the adoption of a new national mine action decree in 2019, followed up with a more detailed Guiding Circular in February 2020, the Vietnam National Mine Action Centre (VNMAC) has now been offcially empowered to start coordinating humanitarian mine action in Vietnam. Progress has already started towards establishing a fully functioning national information management database, and national quality management (QM) capacity, and there were plans to update national mine action standards in 2020 to bring them more in line with the international mine action standards (IMAS).

Recommendations for Action

  • Vietnam should accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) as a matter of priority.
  • Despite not yet being a State Party to the CCM, Vietnam has obligations under international human rights law to clear cluster munition remnants (CMR) in areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible.
  • In collaboration with implementing partners, VNMAC should elaborate a new national mine action strategy and annual workplans for CMR, with clear targets for survey and clearance.
  • VNMAC should expand non-technical and technical survey and establish a nationwide baseline of CMR contamination.
  • National Technical Regulations (QCVNs) and National Mine Action Standards (TCVNs) should be updated in line with IMAS.
  • VNMAC should accelerate development of a fully functional national information management database and make Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) data available to all clearance operators and relevant stakeholders.
  • VNMAC should publish comprehensive annual reports on the results of survey and clearance by all operators.
  • VNMAC should more actively engage in regional sector discussions aimed at accelerating the progress of CMR survey, particularly on survey effciencies and effectiveness.

Download the full 2020 report for Vietnam

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2020" report for Vietnam.