Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

With the adoption of a new national mine action decree in March 2019, followed by adoption of a more detailed Guiding Circular in December 2019, the Vietnam National Mine Action Centre (VNMAC) has now been officially empowered to start coordinating humanitarian mine action in Vietnam. This provided a legal basis for VNMAC to make significant progress in 2020 in ongoing efforts to review and update the national mine action standards to bring them more in line with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS), establish a fully functioning national information management database, and build a national quality management (QM) capacity.

However, VNMAC’s current focus is on survey and clearance of explosive ordnance contamination (mainly explosive remnants of war (ERW)) elsewhere in the country, and not on releasing mined areas along Vietnam’s borders.

Recommendations for Action

  • Vietnam should accede to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) as a matter of priority.
  • Vietnam should clear anti-personnel mines in areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible, consonant with its obligations under international human rights law.
  • Vietnam should approve VNMAC’s final five-year work plan (2021–25), which corresponds to implementation of the National Mine Action Plan for 2010–25.
  • Vietnam should publish a detailed assessment of remaining mined areas.
  • Vietnam should publish annual reports on its progress in the survey and clearance of mined areas.
  • National Technical Regulations (QCVNs) and National Mine Action Standards (TCVNs) should be updated in line with IMAS, including with regards to addressing anti-personnel mine contamination, as distinct from battle area clearance (BAC).
  • VNMAC should continue progress to develop a fully functional national information management database and make Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) data available to all clearance operators and relevant stakeholders. Items of explosive ordnance discovered and destroyed, should be clearly and accurately recorded, including distinguishing anti-personnel mines from anti-vehicle mines.
  • VNMAC should publish comprehensive annual reports on the results of survey and clearance by all operators.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Vietnam

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Vietnam.