Yemen

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 March 2020

  • Performance

    Poor

Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 4
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 3
Gender (10% of overall score) 3
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 3
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 5
Land release system (20% of overall score) 4
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 5
Performance score 4.0

Key Developments

Intensive conflict continued between the Saudi Arabia-led Gulf coalition supporting the Aden-based internationally recognised government and Houthi rebels controlling Sana’a and much of the north. Houthi forces reportedly laid significant numbers of mines, including those of an improvised nature during 2018 and 2019. Yemen submitted an Article 5 deadline extension request, seeking three years beyond March 2020 to determine the extent of contamination, after which it will submit a further request setting out a strategy for survey and clearance. Five SafeLane international staff died in a single incident in January 2019 while transporting mines and seven other deminers were killed in a detonation at a storage area holding mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) in May 2019.


Recommendations for Action

  • The Yemen Executive Mine Action Centre (YEMAC) should strengthen coordination between its operations in government-controlled and Houthi-controlled areas to ensure consistent application of national standards in management and operations.
  • YEMAC should conduct a nationwide survey to generate a baseline of mine contamination.
  • In the absence of a long-term plan, YEMAC should draw up an annual workplan for deployment of available assets on priority regions and tasks.
  • YEMAC should update national standards and expand them to cover survey and clearance of mines of an improvised nature.
  • Yemen should facilitate access and deployment by international mine action operators to achieve a rapid expansion of capacity, raise standards, and accelerate survey and clearance.
  • YEMAC should drastically improve data collection and reporting to meet its Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) transparency obligations providing comprehensive reports on the location, scope, and results of mine action operations, including disaggregated data detailing release of mined land through survey and clearance and items destroyed.
  • YEMAC should address the causes of the high level of fatalities among deminers in the course of operations in 2018 and 2019.

Download the ful "Clearing the Mines 2019" report for Yemen

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2019" report for Yemen.