Afghanistan is heavily contaminated with anti-personnel mines and also has a problem with cluster munition remnants.

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 March 2022

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of contamination (20% of overall score) 8
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 7
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 8
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 8
Land release system (20% of overall score) 7
Land release outputs and Article 4 compliance (20% of overall score) 5
Performance score 7.1

Key Developments

Afghanistan added three new confirmed hazardous areas (CHAs) to its national database in 2020, increasing its estimated total area of cluster munition remnants (CMR) contamination by almost one third. One of the three CHAs identified in 2020 was located in Faryab province where the Directorate of Mine Action Coordination (DMAC) said liaison with local communities had enabled implementing partners to gain access for mine action for the first time in a decade. Discovery of eleven new hazardous areas in 2021, coupled with delays in delivery of donor funding, meant Afghanistan would be unable to complete clearance as expected within its CCM Article 4 deadline. In August 2021, it submitted a request for a four-year extension.

Recommendation for Action

  • Afghanistan should confirm whether there are any additional cluster munition contaminated areas (including any areas suspected to contain submunitions), beyond those already set out in its latest extension request, which it has not yet surveyed, including in areas where security conditions currently prevent access.
  • In view of continuous discovery of unexploded submunitions, Afghanistan should set out clearly the national capacity it will have to address residual CMR identified after fulfilment of its Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) Article 4 clearance obligations.


Download the full 2021 report for Afghanistan

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2021" report for Afghanistan.