Azerbaijan is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and cluster munition remnants.

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Performance

    Not Applicable

Key Developments

The six-week armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan that broke out in September 2020 ended with Azerbaijan regaining control over seven districts of its internationally recognised territory, in addition to part of Nagorno-Karabakh. All parties to the conflict used cluster munitions in the course of the conflict but the extent of the resultant contamination from cluster munition remnants (CMR) in areas under Azerbaijan’s jurisdiction and control is not yet known. A massive clearance effort of areas containing mines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), including CMR, is underway. The work involves the Army, the Ministry of Interior, and the Mine Action Agency of the Republic of Azerbaijan (ANAMA, formerly the Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action).

Recommendations for Action

  • Azerbaijan should commit to never again use cluster munitions and should accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) as a matter of priority.
  • Azerbaijan should comply with its obligations under international human rights law to clear CMR on territory under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible.
  • ANAMA, which serves as the de facto national mine action centre, should work to establish a robust nationwide baseline of CMR-contaminated area using evidence-based non-technical and technical survey.
  • Azerbaijan should mobilise funds to enable survey and clearance of all contaminated areas as quickly as possible.
  • Azerbaijan should reinforce the necessary national structures to oversee efficient and safe mine action in the mined areas recently returned to its control. This process should be underpinned by the adoption or revision of national mine action legislation that reflects the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).
  • ANAMA should ensure that National Mine Action Standards (NMAS) are updated in line with IMAS.
  • ANAMA should draft a new mine action strategy, to replace the one expired in 2018, reflecting the significant increase in explosive ordnance (EO) contamination now under Azerbaijan’s control.
  • ANAMA should complete the transition to Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) Core as soon as possible.
  • Azerbaijan should systematically collect and report publicly on data on contaminated areas as well as progress in survey and clearance.
  • ANAMA should elaborate a gender and diversity policy for mine action and an associated implementation plan.

Download the full 2021 report for Azerbaijan

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2021" report for Azerbaijan.