Lebanon is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 May 2026

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of contamination (20% of overall score) 8
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 8
Gender (10% of overall score) 7
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 8
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 8
Land release system (20% of overall score) 7
Land release outputs and Article 4 compliance (20% of overall score) 7
Performance score 7.5

Key Developments

The Lebanon Mine Action Centre (LMAC) continued to make good progress in releasing cluster munition-contaminated area in 2020, clearing slightly more than the previous year, despite challenges posed by COVID-19. Lebanon was granted a five-year extension to its Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) Article 4 deadline, to 1 May 2026, and plans to complete cluster munition remnants (CMR) clearance by the end of 2025, in line with its new National Mine Action Strategy for 2020–25. However, in order to achieve this LMAC will have to overcome funding challenges and also increase operational efficiencies. In a positive development, LMAC commissioned an external study on operational efficiency in 2020, and plans to review and adopt the recommendations from the study, especially those related to the need for increased emphasis on evidence-based technical survey prior to clearance.

Recommendations for Action

  • LMAC should, in collaboration with clearance operators, continue to expand and strengthen the use of evidence-based survey, especially technical survey (manual, mechanical, and with the use of explosive detection dogs (EDDs)), as a routine part of the toolbox for all operators for the release of CMR tasks.
  • LMAC should determine how it plans to address CMR in especially difficult terrain, such as deep canyons and very steep cliffs, and publish details of the number and size of CMR tasks affected.
  • Lebanon should provide regular updates to its Article 4 planning, based on actual annual output achieved.
  • Lebanon should develop a resource mobilisation strategy, to help it secure the necessary funding required to meet the annual CMR clearance targets in its Article 4 deadline extension request.

Download the full 2021 report for Lebanon

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2021" report for Lebanon.