|Target date for completion of mine clearance||6|
|National funding of programme||4|
|Land release system in place||7|
|National mine action standards||5|
|Reporting on progress||4|
In 2016, Angola made major strides towards completing a nationwide re-survey and succeeded in establishing, for the first time, a realistic estimate of the extent of its remaining mine contamination. According to operators, more than 90% of suspected hazardous areas (SHAs) recorded as a result of inflated estimates from a 2004–07 Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) were cancelled during the re-survey, demonstrating a vast improvement in the application of sound land release methodology. The re-survey formed part of efforts to develop a credible extension request to its Article 5 deadline of May 2017, with a view to completing clearance by 2025.
Significant efforts were made by operators and the national mine action centre, CNIDAH (Comissão Nacional Intersectorial de Desminagem e Assistência Humanitária), to improve the quality of the national mine action database and information management more broadly, issues that have plagued Angola’s mine action programme for more than a decade. In 2016–17, in preparation for the submission of the new Anti- Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) Article 5 extension request, considerable energy was spent in order to reconcile operator data and national database figures; substantial improvements were reported to have been achieved as a result.
Angola’s mine action programme has been facing severe funding shortfalls, which worsened in the course of 2016. While survey output continued to increase during the year as efforts to complete the re-survey accelerated, clearance and technical survey outputs decreased sharply from those recorded in 2015, with operators facing persistent reductions in funding and capacity. This squeeze on funding is increasingly threatening the success of mine action in Angola. Unless sizeable and sustained increases in support are secured, the future of the national programme is highly uncertain, and the country’s 2025 proposed deadline to complete mine clearance will not be met.
Angola should complete the nationwide re-survey of contamination by re-surveying the three remaining provinces, Cabinda, Lunda Norte, and Lunda Sul, no later than 2018.
Angola should revise the workplan set out in its Article 5 deadline extension using the updated information in the national mine action database, including clear annual targets for areas to be cleared or otherwise released and a corresponding budget. As new information is obtained with the completion of the re-survey, further revisions to the plan should be made accordingly.
Angola should continue efforts to work more closely with operators to improve the national mine action database and to reconcile data held by CNIDAH
with that of other national mine action entities. Dedicated and sustained assistance for information management capacity to these ends should be provided to CNIDAH.
Data should be recorded and reported consistently according to International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) terminology. Angola should update states parties regularly on progress, including through submitting annual Article 7 transparency reports in a timely manner.
Angola should increase its national funding to mine action so as to accelerate the pace of clearance and demonstrate national commitment to respect its Article 5 clearance obligations.
National demining assets and capacity should be put to full use to clear confirmed mined areas on the basis of humanitarian needs and priorities.
Angola should clarify and empower the management structure of the national mine action programme, including the roles and responsibilities and funding of the two mine action entities. IMAS recommends that a single national authority be created to provide effective and efficient management of the national programme.
Angola should increase its international advocacy to attract re-entry of donors to reverse the decline in international funding for mine action. A clear national resource mobilisation plan should be developed and implemented.