Lebanon is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 May 2021

  • Performance


Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 5
Target date for completion of clearance 6
Targeted clearance 5
Efficient clearance 5
National funding of programme 7
Timely clearance 5
Land release system in place 4
National mine action standards 4
Reporting on progress 7
Improving performance 6
Performance score 5.4

N.B. The Lebanon Mine Action Centre (LMAC) does not agree with the findings of this report.

Performance Commentary

Lebanon’s mine action programme performance declined in 2015, due to its lack of progress in determining a more accurate baseline of cluster munition remnant (CMR) contamination. This is in part due to the continuing discovery of previously unrecorded CMR contamination and recording of each hazardous area as a standardized size, instead of deploying survey teams to more accurately determine the extent of the area. Proposed strengthening of land release methodology is still to be embodied in the national mine action standards, which are currently undergoing revision.

Recommendations for Action

  • The Lebanese Mine Action Centre (LMAC) should determine more accurately the baseline contamination from CMR.
  • LMAC should improve its land release system to accord with international standards. Improvements should be reflected in the revised National Mine Action Standards (NMAS), and all mine action stakeholders should be consulted before their finalisation.
  • Newly discovered cluster strikes should not automatically be recorded in the LMAC database as covering 33,000m2. Instead, a more accurate assessment of the size of each contaminated area should be determined through non-technical and technical survey.
  • Prioritisation of technical survey over full clearance should be applied when releasing land from the perimeter of the task area to the first CMR evidence point.
  • LMAC should ensure objective quality assurance (QA) and cross-checking of information entered into the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) database, to ensure CMR contamination and land release data are being assessed, recorded, and extracted accurately. LMAC should also aim to be more transparent and provide regular IMSMA reports to clearance operators, as a means to help cross-check and confirm the integrity of the data.
  • Lebanon should mobilise the necessary resources to finish CMR clearance as soon as possible, but not later than 1 May 2021.

Download the full 2016 report for Lebanon

Click here to download the "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2016" report for Lebanon.