Lebanon is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 May 2021

  • Performance


Performance Indicator Score
Problem understood 5
Target date for completion of clearance 6
Targeted clearance 5
Efficient clearance 5
National funding of programme 7
Timely clearance 5
Land release system in place 4
National mine action standards 4
Reporting on progress 7
Improving performance 6
Performance score 5.4

Performance Commentary

Lebanon’s performance in survey and clearance of areas affected by cluster munition remnants (CMR) in 2016 was mixed. While a more accurate baseline of CMR contamination is still lacking, the Lebanese Mine Action Centre (LMAC) has been consulting operators on the revision of the national mine action standards (NMAS) that could enhance operational efficiency. It is hoped that a strengthened land release methodology will be embodied in the revised NMAS, based on sound risk management principles, and then applied systematically in CMR tasks on the ground.

Recommendations for Action

  • LMAC should determine more accurately the baseline contamination from CMR.
  • LMAC should improve its land release system to accord with international standards. This includes using survey and clearance techniques that are appropriate for CMR contamination, rather than landmines. Improvements should be reflected in the revised NMAS, which should include standards specific to CMR contamination, and all mine action stakeholders should be consulted before their finalisation.
  • Newly discovered cluster strikes should not automatically be recorded in the LMAC database as covering 33,000m2. Instead, a more accurate assessment of the size of each contaminated area should be determined through non-technical and technical survey.
  • Technical survey should be preferred to full clearance when moving from the perimeter of the task area to the first CMR evidence point.
  • LMAC should ensure effective quality assurance (QA) and cross-checking of information entered into the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) database, to ensure CMR contamination and land release data are being assessed, recorded, extracted accurately, and then analysed.

Download the full 2017 report for Lebanon

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2017" report for Lebanon.