Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 February 2028

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 6
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 4
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 4
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 4
Land release system (20% of overall score) 5
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 6
Performance score 5.1

Key Developments

The Directorate of Mine Action (DMA) appointed a new acting director in June 2019, who took steps to address delays in the issuance of task orders while the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) ceased issuing task orders and came under DMA tasking authority. A transfer of responsibility within the government for issuing permits for movement between Federal Iraq’s governorates in November 2019 resulted in severe bottlenecks that left some operators unable to deploy survey and clearance teams to their area of operations for months, causing a serious loss of productivity.

Recommendations for Action

  • Iraq should resolve as a matter of urgency delays in issuing movement permission and visas resulting in prolonged stand down of operational assets.
  • The Iraqi government should provide the DMA with the legal authority, funding, equipment, and training for staff to enable it to discharge its responsibilities.
  • International donors should address the severely limited capacity and resources in the national mine action structures.
  • Iraq should explicitly recognise mines of an improvised nature as part of its Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) treaty obligation and both national mine action authorities should amend reporting forms to allow recording of anti-personnel mines of an improvised nature, rather than recording them as improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
  • The DMA should tackle the persistent inability of its information management system to provide comprehensive, disaggregated data on the results of survey and clearance, detailing the contribution of every active organisation.
  • The DMA should review and revise information management procedures to ensure timely entry of survey and clearance results into the database.
  • Iraq’s two national mine action authorities should adopt a common format for reporting results of survey and clearance consistent with the International Mine Action Standard (IMAS).
  • Iraq should consider establishing an in-country platform bringing together the authorities, donors, and key stakeholders to help strengthen national coordination.

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Iraq

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2020" report for Iraq.