Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 February 2028

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 6
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 5
Gender (10% of overall score) 6
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 5
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 5
Land release system (20% of overall score) 5
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 6
Performance score 5.5

Key Developments

Federal Iraq and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) imposed lockdowns, curfews, and movement restrictions in 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the Directorate for Mine Action (DMA) suspended mine action operations in Federal Iraq for three months from mid-March to mid-June 2020 and direct explosive ordnance risk education/liaison until December 2020. Clearance results in both Federal Iraq and the KRI fell in 2020 as a result. The DMA appointed a new acting Director General in September 2020. For the first time in four years, donor funding became available in 2021 for survey and clearance of “legacy” mined areas in Federal Iraq.

Recommendations for Action

  • Iraq should update its mine action strategy with detailed proposals for survey and clearance that international donors can support.
  • The Iraqi government should provide the DMA with the legal authority, funding, equipment, and training for staff to strengthen its effectiveness as the national mine action authority.
  • International donors should address the severely limited capacity and resources in national mine action structures.
  • Iraq should explicitly recognise mines of an improvised nature as part of its Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) treaty obligation and national mine action authorities in Federal Iraq and the KRI should amend reporting forms to include improvised mines as a separate category distinct from improvised explosive devices.
  • The DMA and the Iraqi Kurdistan Mine Action Agency (IKMAA) should provide comprehensive, disaggregated data on the results of survey and clearance, detailing the contribution of every active organisation.
  • The DMA and IKMAA should report on contamination and land release using terminology compatible with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS).

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Iraq

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Iraq.