Somalia is contaminated with anti-personnel mines and cluster munition remnants

Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines
  • Article 4 deadline

    1 March 2026

  • Performance

    Very Poor

Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of contamination (20% of overall score) 3
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 4
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 5
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 5
Land release system (20% of overall score) 5
Land release outputs and Article 4 compliance (20% of overall score) 2
Performance score 3.9

Key Developments

Somalia stated its intention in 2022 to develop a national survey plan for cluster munition remnants (CMR) during 2023. Somalia has still to effectively implement its obligations under Article 4 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM). 

Recommendations for Action

  • Somalia should ensure timely survey and clearance of CMR in accordance with its CCM obligations.
  • Somalia should elaborate a comprehensive baseline of CMR contamination.
  • Somali Explosive Management Authority (SEMA)’s status in Somalia should be officially recognised in law and national resources budgeted annually for its operating costs. 
  • Continued efforts should be undertaken to support SEMA to manage the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) database. 

Download the full 2023 report for Somalia

Click here to download the full "Clearing Cluster Munition Remnants 2023" report for Somalia.