Cluster Munition Remnants

Anti-Personnel Mines

  • Article 5 deadline

    1 October 2022

  • Performance


Performance Criterion Score
Understanding of anti-personnel mine contamination (20% of overall score) 4
National ownership and programme management (10% of overall score) 4
Gender (10% of overall score) 5
Information management and reporting (10% of overall score) 4
Planning and tasking (10% of overall score) 5
Land release system (20% of overall score) 5
Land release outputs and Article 5 compliance (20% of overall score) 4
Performance score 4.4

Key Developments

Somalia is not on track to meet its Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) Article 5 deadline for clearance and in 2021 it submitted a request for a five-year extension. Somalia lacks an accurate baseline of anti-personnel mine contamination but there are plans in the extension request to conduct non-technical survey, although they lack detail. A pilot non-technical survey has been proposed for later this year. Both clearance and overall land release output increased in 2020 compared to the previous year although the number of anti-personnel mines found and destroyed remains extremely low, particularly if survey and clearance in Somaliland are excluded. The Somali Explosive Management Authority (SEMA) is still to be formally recognised by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS), a major obstacle to mine action programming and which excludes SEMA from accessing any State funding.

Recommendations for Action

  • Somalia should provide information on the expected timeframe in which SEMA hopes to receive formal approval from the FGS.
  • Somalia should develop a more detailed and structured work plan to be presented in addition to its Article 5 deadline extension request. Ideally this work plan should be made available prior to the decision being taken by States Parties on the extension request at 19MSP. The work plan should include detailed information on the planned non-technical survey (including what proportion of mined areas are currently accessible for survey and which, due to security concerns, are not), as well as land release targets.
  • Somalia should elaborate a new National Mine Action Strategic Plan, updating the National Mine Action Strategic Plan 2018–2020.
  • Somalia should also make available its capacity development plan and resource mobilisation strategy, both of which will be essential for the success of Article 5 implementation in Somalia.
  • Somalia should commit to providing annual updates through Article 7 reporting and revised work plans on the current baseline of mined area and Somalia’s plans to address it, as and when more information becomes available.
  • Somalia should detail its plans for establishing a sustainable national capacity to address the discovery of previously unknown mined areas following completion (i.e. residual contamination).

Download the full "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Somalia

Click here to download the "Clearing the Mines 2021" report for Somalia.