Cluster munition remnants

Cluster munition remnants means failed cluster munitions, abandoned cluster munitions, unexploded submunitions and unexploded bomblets.

Cluster munition remnants (CMR) are explained in Article 2 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The main threat comes from unexploded submunitions, which are defined as explosive submunitions“Explosive submunition” means a conventional munition that in order to perform its task is dispersed or released by a cluster munition and is designed to function by detonating an explosive charge prior to, on or after impact. Art. 2(3), Conventjon on Cluster Munition. that have been dispersed or released by, or otherwise separated from, a cluster munition and have failed to explode as intended.Art. 2(5), Convention on Cluster Munitions.

“Failed cluster munition” means a cluster munition that has been fired, dropped, launched, projected or otherwise delivered and which should have dispersed or released its explosive submunitions but failed to do so.Art. 2(4), Convention on Cluster Munitions.

“Abandoned cluster munitions” means cluster munitions or explosive submunitions that have not been used and that have been left behind or dumped, and that are no longer under the control of the party that left them behind or dumped them. They may or may not have been prepared for use.Art. 2(6), Convention on Cluster Munitions.

“Unexploded bomblet” means an explosive bomblet that has been dispersed, released or otherwise separated from a dispenser and has failed to explode as intended.Art. 2(15), Convention on Cluster Munitions. “Explosive bomblet” means a conventional munition, weighing less than 20 kilograms, which is not self-propelled and which, in order to perform its task, is dispersed or released by a dispenser, and is designed to function by detonating an explosive charge prior to, on or after impact. Art. 2(13), Convention on Cluster Munitions.